The one sure way to keep from including too much extraneous information in a photograph is to fill the frame with your subject and nothing but your subject.
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There are two ways to get closer: Use a telephoto lens or put some more wear on your walking shoes.
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A very tight shot of a bear, or even the family dog, creates a sense of urgency, or in some cases humor.
Credit: Photo: Alistair Scott/Shutterstock