The South

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Too often overlooked by visitors to Brazil, the southern states of Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul are a delightful surprise. From pristine beaches rising up into fertile highlands to the spectacular Iguaçu Falls on the border with Argentina and Paraguay, the Região Sul (South Region) has a more varied topography and cooler climate than the rest of Brazil. As the country's wealthy, industrial heart, the standard of living down South also sets it apart. Here, you'll find the legacy of its German, Italian, and Portuguese immigrants alive and well, in the food, the viniculture, the architecture, and the cultural celebrations, which include the largest Oktoberfest outside of Germany.

The southern section of the Serra do Mar, a mountain range flanking the coast, stretches well into Rio Grande do Sul, and separates the interior from the shore. Much of it is still covered with the luxuriant Mata Atlântica (Atlantic Forest), which is as diverse and impressive as the Amazon rain forest. The Serra do Mar gives way to hills that roll gently westward to the valleys of the rios (rivers) Paraná and Uruguay. Most of these lands were originally covered with dense subtropical forests interspersed with natural rangelands such as the Campos Gerais, in the north, and the Brazilian Pampas, in the south.

Recommended Fodor’s Video

Ilha do Mel
Park (National/State/Provincial)
Centro
Mercado Público
Market/Bazaar
Centro
Parque Estadual do Caracol
Body Of Water/Waterfall Park (National/State/Provincial)
Jardim Botânico
Garden/Arboretum Park/Playground
Jardim Botanico
Praia dos Ingleses
Beach–Sight
Ingleses do Rio Vermelho
São Miguel das Missões
Religious Building/Site/Shrine Archaeological Site/Ruins
Centro
Parque Nacional dos Aparados da Serra
Park (National/State/Provincial)
Rua São Francisco
Historic District/Site Neighborhood/Street
Centro

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Language

Portuguese

Nearby Airports

CWB, BFH, POA

Electrical Outlets

The current in Brazil isn't regulated: in São Paulo and Rio it's 110 or 120 volts (the same as in the United States and Canada); in Recife and Brasília it's 220 volts (the same as in Europe); and in Manaus and Salvador it's 127 volts. Outlets take Continental-type plugs, with two round prongs.

Currency

Real

Language

Portuguese

Electrical Outlets

The current in Brazil isn't regulated: in São Paulo and Rio it's 110 or 120 volts (the same as in the United States and Canada); in Recife and Brasília it's 220 volts (the same as in Europe); and in Manaus and Salvador it's 127 volts. Outlets take Continental-type plugs, with two round prongs.

Currency

Real

Nearby Airports

CWB, BFH, POA

November through March is normally hot and humid. Rainfall is quite frequent, but less intense than in northern Brazil. Some years might have...Read More

Discover the best neighborhoods in The South with curated recommendations from our editors.

Explore All

November through March is normally hot and humid. Rainfall is quite frequent, but less intense than in northern Brazil. Some years might have...Read More

Discover the best neighborhoods in The South with curated recommendations from our editors.

Explore All

November through March is normally hot and humid. Rainfall is quite frequent, but less intense than in northern Brazil. Some years might have...Read More

Discover the best neighborhoods in The South with curated recommendations from our editors.

Explore All

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