One of the oldest towns in Europe, Lund was founded in 990. In 1103 Lund became the religious capital of Scandinavia, and at one time had 27 churches and eight monasteries—until King Christian III of Denmark ordered most of them razed to use their stones for the construction of Malmöhus Castle. After that Lund was basically a backwater until 1666, when its university was established—the second-oldest university in Sweden after Uppsala.
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