Getting to know Salzburg is not too difficult, because most of its sights are within a comparatively small area. The Altstadt (Old City) is a compact area between the jutting outcrop of the Mönchsberg and the Salzach River. The cathedral and interconnecting squares surrounding it form what used to be the religious center, around which the major churches and the old archbishops' residence are arranged (note that entrance into all Salzburg churches is free). The Mönchsberg cliffs emerge unexpectedly behind the Old City, crowned to the east by the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Across the river, in the small area between the cliffs of the Kapuzinerberg and the riverbank, is the Steingasse, a narrow medieval street where laborers, craftsmen, and traders served the salt-mining industry and travelers coming in and out of the region’s important mercantile hub. Northwest of the Kapuzinerberg lies Mirabell Palace and its manicured gardens.

It's best to begin by exploring the architectural and cultural riches of the Old City, then go on to the fortress. Afterward, cross the river to inspect the other bank. Ideally, you need two days to do it all. An alternative, if you enjoy exploring churches and castles, is to go directly up to the fortress, either on foot or by returning through the cemetery to the funicular railway.

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  • 1. Hangar-7


    Red Bull founder Dietrich Mateschitz opens his fantasy toy chest for all to admire: vintage airplanes, helicopters, motorbikes, and Formula...Read More

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  • 2. Mirabellgarten


    While there's a choice of entrances to the Mirabell Gardens—from the Makartplatz (framed by the statues of Roman gods), the Schwarzstrasse,...Read More

  • 3. Alter Markt


    Right in the heart of the Old City is the Alter Markt, the old marketplace and former center of secular life in the city. The square is lined...Read More

  • 4. Franziskanerkirche

    Religious Building/Site/Shrine

    The graceful, tall spire of the Franciscan Church stands out from all other towers in Salzburg; the church itself encompasses the greatest diversity...Read More

  • 5. Friedhof St. Sebastian


    This final resting place for many members of the Mozart family, in the shadows of St. Sebastian's Church, offers a peaceful respite from the...Read More

  • 6. Kapuzinerberg


    To the south of the New City, and directly opposite the Mönchsberg on the other side of the river, Kapuzinerberg hill is crowned by several...Read More

  • 7. Kollegienkirche

    Religious Building/Site/Shrine

    Completed by Fischer von Erlach in 1707, this church, sometimes called the Universitätskirche, is one of the purest examples of Baroque architecture...Read More

  • 8. Mozart Monument

    Public Art

    In the center of Mozartplatz, on a marble plinth, stands this impressive bronze statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Sculpted by Ludwig Schwanthaler...Read More

  • 9. Schloss Mirabell


    The "Taj Mahal of Salzburg," Schloss Mirabell was built in 1606 by the immensely wealthy and powerful Prince-Archbishop Wolf-Dietrich for his...Read More

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  • 10. Steingasse


    Stretching south from the Neustadt and walled in on one side by the bare cliffs of the Kapuzinerberg, this narrow medieval street was originally...Read More

  • 11. Stiftkirche St. Peter

    Religious Building/Site/Shrine

    The most sumptuous church in Salzburg, St. Peter's is where Mozart's famed Great Mass in C Minor premiered in 1783, with his wife, Constanze...Read More

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