Salzburg

Getting to know Salzburg is not too difficult, because most of its sights are within a comparatively small area. The Altstadt (Old City) is a compact area between the jutting outcrop of the Mönchsberg and the Salzach River. The cathedral and interconnecting squares surrounding it form what used to be the religious center, around which the major churches and the old archbishops' residence are arranged (note that entrance into all Salzburg churches is free). The Mönchsberg cliffs emerge unexpectedly behind the Old City, crowned to the east by the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Across the river, in the small area between the cliffs of the Kapuzinerberg and the riverbank, is the Steingasse, a narrow medieval street where laborers, craftsmen, and traders served the salt mining industry and travelers coming in and out of the region’s important mercantile hub. Northwest of the Kapuzinerberg lies Mirabell Palace and its manicured gardens.

It's best to begin by exploring the architectural and cultural riches of the Old City, then go on to the fortress. Afterward, cross the river to inspect the other bank. Ideally, you need two days to do it all. An alternative, if you enjoy exploring churches and castles, is to go directly up to the fortress, either on foot or by returning through the cemetery to the funicular railway.

If you are doing this spectacular city in just one day, consider taking a walking tour run by city guides; one sets out every day at 12:15 pm from the tourist information office, Information Mozartplatz, at Mozart Square (closed on some Sundays during off-season). There are also escorted bus and bicycle tours through the city .

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  • 1. Hangar-7

    Museum/Gallery

    Red Bull founder Dietrich Mateschitz opens his fantasy toy chest for all to admire; vintage airplanes, helicopters, motorbikes, and Formula...Read More

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  • 2. Mirabellgarten

    Garden/Arboretum

    While there's a choice of entrances to the Mirabell Gardens—from the Makartplatz (framed by the statues of Roman gods), the Schwarzstrasse,...Read More

  • 3. Schloss Hellbrunn

    Castle/Palace/Chateau

    Just 6½ km (4 miles) south of Salzburg, the Lustschloss Hellbrunn was the prince-archbishops' pleasure palace. It was built early in the 17th...Read More

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  • 4. Fortress Hohensalzburg

    Castle/Palace/Chateau

    Founded in 1077, the Hohensalzburg is Salzburg's acropolis and the largest preserved medieval fortress in Central Europe. Brooding over the...Read More

  • 5. Haus der Natur

    Museum/Gallery

    Visit this mulitfaceted experiential learning center for hands-on science and technology exhibits, including 42 fresh and saltwater tanks with...Read More

  • 6. Marionettentheater

    Arts/Performance Venue

    The Salzburger Marionettentheater is both the world's greatest marionette theater and—surprise!—a sublime theatrical experience. Many critics...Read More

  • 7. Mozart Wohnhaus

    House/Mansion/Villa

    The Mozart family moved from its cramped quarters in Getreidegasse to this house on the Hannibal Platz, as it was then known, in 1773. Wolfgang...Read More

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  • 8. Spielzeugmuseum

    Museum/Gallery

    On a rainy day this is a delightful diversion for both young and old, with an interactive collection of dolls, teddy bears, model trains, and...Read More

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