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The difference between "liners" and "cruise ships" Interesting article.

The difference between "liners" and "cruise ships" Interesting article.

Apr 4th, 2012, 06:45 AM
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The difference between "liners" and "cruise ships" Interesting article.

The terms “cruise ship” and “ocean liner” are often used interchangeably. However, while both are types of passenger ships, there is a difference.

An ocean liner is a ship designed to transport passengers from point A to point B. The classic example of such a voyage would be a transatlantic crossing from Europe to America. Because a ship could encounter any type of weather on such a voyage, an ocean liner must be built strongly, using a great deal of steel in the hull. Their bows are long and tapered to allow them to cut through the waves. They have a deep draft in order to be more stable. In addition, in order to make the voyage within a reasonable time, they are built so as to be able to go fast.

Classic examples of ocean liners are the SS United States, the Normandie and the Queen Elizabeth 2. The only ship built as an ocean liner in recent years is Cunard’s Queen Mary 2.

Cruise ships are built for the purpose of taking passengers on a journey that begins and ends in the same port. A classic example of such a voyage is a Caribbean cruise that begins and ends in Miami, Florida.

When the modern cruise industry first started to emerge, most cruise ships were ocean liners that had been retired from the transatlantic run because that market had been lost to the jet airliner. Indeed, Carnival Cruise Lines first ship the Mardi Gras was the former ocean liner Empress of Canada. NCL’s Norway was the former France. Holland America’s Rotterdam was built as an ocean liner.

In the early1970s, ship designers began to realize that a ship did not have to be built like an ocean liner in order to do such a voyage. Because the weather was likely to be sunny and fine, the ship did not have to be built as strongly as an ocean liner. This would result in savings in building the ship and in running it. Since the waves would not be as high, the bow could be shorter and wider. As a result, the ship’s shape could be more box-like thereby enabling it to carry more passengers. Because the sea conditions would be less severe, the draft could be reduced. This would allow the ships to dock in more ports. Finally, since such cruises would be leisurely voyages, the ships did not need to be built to go fast. This would produce fuel cost savings.

Such considerations led the cruise lines to depart from the classic ocean liner design and build ships that were different from what had gone before. The stereotypical cruise ship of the last part of the 20th Century was blunt-bowed, box-like and slow. It also used more glass and aluminum and less steel in its structure.

In recent years, however, the distinction is starting to blur. Cruising is no longer limited to the calm waters of the Caribbean and the Mediterranean. Consequently, cruise ships have to be able to handle much more difficult conditions. Thus, cruise ships are taking on ocean liner characteristics, becoming stronger, faster and more hydrodynamic. Indeed, Royal Caribbean’s Radiance-class ships and NCL’s Jewel-class ships can achieve speeds that rival some the speeds of some classic ocean liners.
jacketwatch is offline  
Apr 4th, 2012, 08:02 AM
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Jacket, Thanks. Very interesting.
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Apr 4th, 2012, 10:32 AM
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Hi Sass! Hows it going? We booked the Equinox out of Rome in Oct. It covers some of the places we both saw last fall but a few others as well.
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Apr 4th, 2012, 03:42 PM
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Ohhh...I just love the old ocean liners. Now that was cruising!

Jacketwatch, when are you booked on the Equinox? I'm booked on the Oct. 26 cruise out of Rome.
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Apr 4th, 2012, 04:01 PM
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Darn! We are going the one B4. First I have to get my vacation time approved however. Hopefully that will not be an issue. Last yr. on the Connie we have the fortune to meet Sassafras above and the one and only dogster. It would have been cool to meet Fodorites two yrs. in a row.
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Apr 4th, 2012, 04:11 PM
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Ah, you are stopping in Istanbul. We will be in Turkey (Istanbul and Cappodocia) for 8 days prior to flying to Rome to board the ship. Luckily, my DH will be retired by then. We were booked on the Connie for about the same time, but Celebrity cancelled that itinerary and redeployed the Connie to England, France and Spain. It will be our first time on Celebrity. We are diamond on RCI. Can't wait to try Celebrity. Prices have come down so much we switched to Concierge Class. It is less than the 2B we originally had!

Sorry we are missing you.
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Apr 5th, 2012, 03:50 AM
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Our trip last yr. was also our 1st on X and it was fine despite the norovirus outbreak which of course can happen on any ship. However I did have some issues and the post cruise f/u with their CS was initially lacking, very lacking which I understand seems to be a problem with X from what I have read on cruise critic. Finally it was resolved though I don't think it should have taken as much f/u as it did.


We had three day precruise in IST B4 embarking and it was great! I look f/w to seeing it again. Any questions?
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Apr 5th, 2012, 05:39 PM
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Thanks for the info
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Apr 6th, 2012, 10:02 PM
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Larry, I hiope f/u means follow-up and not the other one!
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Apr 7th, 2012, 06:04 AM
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What other one??
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