Heraklion's inner harbor, where fishing boats land their catch and yachts are moored, is dominated by the Koules, the massive fortress so named by the Turks but, in fact, built by the Venetians as the Castello del Molo in the 16th century and decorated with three stone lions of St. Mark, symbol of Venetian imperialism. On the east side of the fortress are the vaulted arsenal; here Venetian galleys were repaired and refitted, and timber, cheeses, and sweet malmsey wine were loaded for the three-week voyage to Venice. The view from the battlements takes in the inner as well as the outer harbor, where freighters and passenger ferries drop anchor, and the sprawling labyrinth of concrete apartment blocks that is modern Heraklion. To the south rises Mt. Iuktas and, to the west, the pointed peak of Mt. Stromboli.
- Address: North end of 25 Avgoustou, Heraklion, Crete, 71202
- Phone: 2810/288484
- Cost: €2
- Hours: Apr.–Oct., Tues.–Sun. 8:30–7; Nov.–Mar., daily 8:30–3
- Location: Heraklion