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Scattered along the western coast of Greece the Ionian islands derive their name from the Ionian Greeks, their first colonizers. The proximity of these isles to Italy and their sheltered position on the East–West trade routes tempted many an occupier to the main island jewel, Corfu. Never subjected to Turkish rule, the Corfiots were greatly influenced by the urban lifestyles of Venetian settlers as well as the orderly formality of the 19th-century British protectorate. With its fairy-tale setting, Corfu (Kerkyra in Greek) basks in the clear blue-green waters of the Ionian Sea at the mouth of the Adriatic. The island is connected by numerous ferries with Brindisi in Italy and Igoumenitsa and Patras on the Greek mainland. For many European travelers, Corfu is the gateway to Greece.