One of Southeast Asia's most diverse countries, Malaysia is home to 25 million people, about 50% of them Malay, 24% Chinese, and 7% Indian. The remainder are a mix of non-Malay indigenous tribes and immigrants. Malaysia is officially a Muslim country, but Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia's two states on northern Borneo, are primarily Christian, the legacy of 20th-century missionaries. Sabah encompasses
some 75,500 square km (29,388 square miles), but it only has about 3 million people, with the indigenous Kadazan the largest of the myriad ethnic groups. Along Sabah's west coast, the Bajau grow rice, raise ponies, and are known as the Cowboys of Asia; on the east coast, Bajau are mostly fishers and were once known as "Sea Gypsies." The Chinese, who run much of Sabah's commerce, live primarily in the towns and make up about 10% of the population. The state is largely covered by rain forest and plantations.