Krakow Sights

Starting as a market town in the 10th century, Kraków became Poland's capital in 1037. Until as recently as the 19th century walls encircled the Old Town; these have been replaced by the Planty, a ring of parkland, in the 1820s. Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many interesting examples of architecture from that period can be found within the second ring, marked

by Aleje and Dietla streets. In the late 20th century another phase of the city's development began farther out, and it continues today.

Most major historical attractions are within walking distance in the compact Old Town, but you'll also find very interesting sights further outside the city center, including Kościuszko's Mound to the west and Nowa Huta to the east of the city center.

To the immediate southeast of the Old Town is the old Jewish quarter of Kazimierz. This was once a separate town, chartered in 1335 by its founder, King Kazimierz the Great. In 1495 Kraków's Jews were expelled from the city by King John Albert, and they resettled in Kazimierz. The Jewish community there came to an abrupt and tragic end during World War II. In 1941, the Jews of Kazimierz were moved first to a Jewish ghetto across the Vistula River in Podgórze, then to the Płaszów concentration camp. Most who survived Płaszów were transported to their deaths in the much larger concentration camp at Auschwitz–Birkenau. The story of the few Jews who escaped Płaszów through the help of businessman Oskar Schindler formed the basis of Thomas Keneally's book (and Steven Spielberg's film) Schindler's List.

Development during the 2010s has breathed a new life into the district of Podgórze, which gained as many as three new museums. The Historical Museum and MOCAK Museum of Contemporary art are both in the area of the former Schindler Factory; a third, Cricoteka, documents the work of Tadeusz Kantor. Podgórze abounds with hip restaurants and bars, and is the destination to go to if you want to get away from the crowds.

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Stare Miasto (Old Town) 17

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Krakow Sights

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  • Restaurant–Sight

Bagelmama is a cozy little bagel shop—the only one in Kraków. ...


  • Building/Architectural Site

Only one small section of Kraków's city wall still stands, centered on the 15th-century Barbakan, one of the largest strongholds of...

Collegium Iuridicum

  • Educational Institution

This magnificent Gothic building, built in the early 15th century to house the Jagiellonian University's law students, lies on one of...

Collegium Maius

  • Museum/Gallery

Jagiellonian University was another innovation of Kazimierz the Great. Established in 1364, it was the first university in Poland and...

Cricoteka—Centre for the Documentation of the Art of Tadeusz Kantor

  • Museum/Gallery

Tadeusz Kantor (1915–1990) was one the most famous Polish artists of the 20th century, and one of the most versatile. He was a painter,...

Dom Jana Matejki

  • House/Mansion/Villa

The 19th-century painter Jan Matejko was born and died in this house, which now serves as a museum for his work. Even if you don't warm...

Fabrycka Emalia Oskara Schindlera

  • Museum/Gallery

This branch of the Kraków's Historical Museum houses an exhibition telling the story of the city under Nazi occupation, from 1939 to...

Jama Michalika

  • Restaurant–Sight

How often do you have a chance to have a cup coffee or a glass of wine among museum-quality artworks? In the Art Nouveau café Jama Michalika...

Katedra Wawelska

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

Wawel Hill, a 15-acre rocky limestone outcropping on the banks of the Vistula, dominates the old part of the city. The hill was a natural...

Kawiarnia Noworolski

  • Restaurant–Sight

One of the oldest cafés in town, this lovely historical spot, next to the entrance to the National Museum in the Cloth Hall, is a great...


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