Prague

Full of fairy-tale vistas, Prague is beautiful in a way that makes even the most jaded traveler stop and snap pictures. The city is physically divided in two by the Vltava River (also sometimes known by its German name, the Moldau), which runs from south to north with a single sharp turn to the east.

Originally, Prague was composed of five independent towns: Hradčany (the Castle Area), Malá Strana (Lesser Quarter), Staré Město (Old Town), Nové Město (New Town), and Josefov (Jewish Quarter), and these areas still make up the heart of Prague—what you think of when picturing its famed winding cobblestone streets and squares.

Hradčany, the seat of Czech royalty for hundreds of years, centers on the Pražský hrad (Prague Castle)—itself the site of the president's office. A cluster of white buildings yoked around the pointed steeples of a chapel, Prague Castle overlooks the city from a hilltop west of the Vltava River. Steps lead down from Hradčany to the Lesser Quarter, an area dense with ornate mansions built for the 17th- and 18th-century nobility.

The looming Karlův most (Charles Bridge) connects the Lesser Quarter with the Old Town. Old Town is hemmed in by the curving Vltava and three large commercial avenues: Revoluční to the east, Na příkopě to the southeast, and Národní třída to the south. A few blocks east of the bridge is the district's focal point: Staroměstské náměstí (Old Town Square), a former medieval marketplace laced with pastel-color baroque houses—easily one of the most beautiful central squares in Europe. To the north of Old Town Square the diminutive Jewish Quarter fans out around a tony avenue called Pařížská.

Beyond the former walls of the Old Town, the New Town fills in the south and east. The name "new" is a misnomer—New Town was laid out in the 14th century. (It's new only when compared with the neighboring Old Town.) Today this mostly commercial district includes the city's largest squares, Karlovo náměstí (Charles Square) and Václavské náměstí (Wenceslas Square).

Roughly 1 km (½ mile) south of Karlovo náměstí, along the Vltava, stands what’s left of the ancient castle of Vyšehrad high above the river. On a promontory to the east of Václavské náměstí stretches Vinohrady, the home of Prague's well-to-do professional set. Bordering Vinohrady are the scruffier neighborhoods of Žižkov to the north and Nusle to the south. On the west bank of the Vltava lie many older residential neighborhoods and several parks. About 3 km (2 miles) from the center in every direction, communist-era housing projects, called paneláks, begin their unsightly sprawl.

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  • 1. Karlův most

    Staré Mesto | Notable Building

    This is Prague's signature monument, and worth the denomination. The view from the foot of the bridge on the Old Town side, encompassing the...Read More

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  • 2. Staroměstská radnice

    Staré Mesto | Notable Building

    This is a center of Prague life for tourists and locals alike. Hundreds of visitors gravitate here throughout the day to see the hour struck...Read More

  • 3. Tančící dům

    Nové Mesto | Notable Building

    This whimsical building, one of Prague's most popular, came to life in 1996 as a team effort from architect Frank Gehry (of Guggenheim Bilbao...Read More

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  • 4. Clam-Gallas palác

    Staré Mesto | Museum/Gallery

    The work of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, the famed Viennese baroque virtuoso of the day, is showcased in this earth-tone palace. Construction...Read More

  • 5. Dům U černé Matky boží

    Staré Mesto | Notable Building

    In the second decade of the 20th century, young Czech architects boldly applied cubism's radical reworking of visual space to architecture and...Read More

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  • 6. Matyášova brána

    Pražský Hrad | Notable Building

    Built in 1614, this stone gate once stood alone in front of the moats and bridges that surrounded the castle. Under the Hapsburgs, the gate...Read More

  • 7. Obecní dům

    Staré Mesto | Arts/Performance Venue

    The city's art nouveau showpiece still fills the role it had when it was completed in 1911 as a center for concerts, rotating art exhibits,...Read More

  • 8. Schönbornský palác

    Malá Strana | Notable Building

    Franz Kafka had an apartment in this massive baroque building at the top of Tržiště ulice in mid-1917, after moving from Zlatá ulička, or Golden...Read More

  • 9. Trojský zámek

    Troja | Notable Building

    Built in the late 17th century for the Czech nobleman Count Šternberg, this sprawling summer residence, modeled on a classical Italian villa...Read More

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  • 10. Židovská radnice

    Josefov | Notable Building

    The hall was the creation of Mordechai Maisel, an influential Jewish leader at the end of the 16th century. Restored in the 18th century, it...Read More

  • 11. Žižkov TV Tower

    Žižkov | Notable Building

    Looking like a freakish, futuristic rocket ready to blast off, the Žižkov TV Tower is easily visible from around the city and perennially makes...Read More

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