Lithuania Travel Guide
Plan Your Lithuania Vacation
Lithuania has historically been the invader, not the invaded. In 1386, the country formed a union with Poland, and over the following 400 years the joint kingdom stretched from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Poland took the leading role until the late 18th century, but Lithuanians still remember their time as a European superpower. Russification ensued, followed by a short period of independence (during which Kaunas was the capital, as Vilnius was occupied by Poland). Hundreds of thousands of Lithuanians were deported by the Soviets in the 1940s and 1950s, but today's population is 80% Lithuanian, with only 10% Russian-speaking. The country's Jewish population—which had thrived here since the 1400s—was decimated during World War II.
Fodor's local writers visit every hotel we recommend. Look for our discerning Fodor's Choice picks or search by price and location.
Find the best Lithuania restaurants in every price category with our top picks.
Need a break from the big city? View 42-hour itineraries from 13 cities.More