Morocco's second-most-populated city, Salé, was probably founded around the 11th century. In medieval times it was the most important trading harbor on the Atlantic coast, and at the beginning of the 17th century it joined Rabat in welcoming Muslims expelled from Spain. Rabat and Salé were rival towns for more than 100 years following this, but Rabat eventually gained the upper hand. Today Salé is rather shabby, but
still an important cradle of Moroccan history. The medina is worth the journey both for its monuments and its genuine authenticity. Expect to see more people in traditional dress or practicing traditional crafts than you would in most other Moroccan large-city medinas.