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Kharga's purpose-built capital is the administrative headquarters of the New Valley Governorate and home to over 70,000 Egyptians, many having relocated here from the crowded Nile Valley. At first glance it appears as a tidy but uninspiring congregation of ugly buildings, low-rise apartments, and ramshackle shops. With a little exploring, however, the streets of Al-Kharga reveal the strong
rural flavor of the city's tight-knit agrarian community.Orientation is simple: Al-Kharga's three main streets form a triangle whose base roughly marks the boundary between the modern city and its original mud-brick settlement. Government offices, banks, and police stations line Shar‘a Jamal ‘Abd al-Nasir; small shops and food stands cluster around Maydan Basateen; and service taxis and cheap eats can be found at Maydan Showla.