Trenitalia trains run to Calabria, either following the Ionian Coast as far as Reggio Calabria or swerving inland to Cosenza and the Tyrrhenian Coast.
Ferrovie Appulo Lucane. This service links Matera to Altamura in Puglia (for connections to Bari) and to Ferrandina (for connections to Potenza). Also offers bus service linking Matera to Altamura in Puglia (for connections to Bari) and to Ferrandina (for connections by bus to Potenza). 080/5725421; 800/050500; www.ferrovieappulolucane.it.
Ferrovie Sud-Est. The private Ferrovie Sud-Est connects Martina Franca with Bari, Lecce and Taranto, and the fishing port of Gallipoli. 080/5462111; 0832/668111; 800/079090; www.fseonline.it.
Trenitalia. Within Puglia, the Italian national railroad links Bari to Brindisi, Lecce, and Taranto, but smaller destinations can often be reached only by completing the trip by bus. 06/3000; www.trenitalia.com.