Costa Rica FAQs
Do I need any special documents to get into the country?
Aside from a passport that's valid for at least six months after date of entry and a round-trip/outbound ticket, you don't need anything else to enter the country. You'll be given a 90-day tourist visa as you pass through immigration. You're no longer required to have your passport with you at all times during your trip, but you must carry a photocopy while you're out and about.
How difficult is it to travel around the country?
It's extremely easy. Thanks to the domestic airlines, getting to your ultimate destination takes far less time than just a few years ago; almost every worthwhile spot is within an hour of San José. Long-distance buses and vans are usually very comfortable, so don't overlook these as a way to get to far-flung destinations. Renting a car is a great way to get around, because you're not tied to somebody else's schedule. Alas, roads are not always well marked. It's good to have a detailed map if you're driving in rural areas, as it's easy to miss a turn.
Are the roads as bad as they say?
Yes and no. You'll still find potholes the size of bathtubs on the road leading to Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve, and the gravel roads on the Nicoya Peninsula are often so grooved by the rain that they feel like an endless series of speed bumps. But roads are improving. The most dramatic improvements have been made near the resort area of Lake Arenal. Repairs to the road between Nuevo Arenal and La Fortuna have cut your travel time almost in half. During and immediately after the rainy season is the worst time for driving. The constant deluge takes its toll on the pavement.
Should I rent a four-wheel-drive vehicle?
Probably. If your trip will take you mostly to the beaches, you won't necessarily need a 4WD vehicle. If you're headed to more-mountainous areas, such as any destination in the Northern Plains, you'll definitely want one. But even on the most badly maintained roads through the mountains, you'll see locals getting around just fine in their beat-up sedans. There's usually only a minor difference in the cost, so there's no reason not to go for the 4WD. Keep in mind, though, manual-transmission cars are standard, so if you have to drive an automatic, you’ll pay a good bit extra for it.
Should I get insurance on the rental car?
Even if your own insurance covers rental cars, go ahead and take full insurance. The cost is often less than $10 a day. For that you get the peace of mind of knowing that you're not going to be hassled for a scratch on the fender or a crack in the windshield. One traveler reported returning a rental car with a front bumper completely detached, but because he had full insurance the clerk just smiled and wished him a good trip home.
Should I consider a package tour?
If you're terrified of traveling on your own, sign up for a tour. But Costa Rica is such an easy place to get around that there's really no need. Part of the fun is the exploring—finding a secluded beach, hiking down to a hidden waterfall, discovering a great crafts shop—and that's just not going to happen on a tour. If you're more comfortable with a package tour, pick one with a specific focus, like bird-watching or boating, so that you're less likely to get a generic tour.
Do I need a local guide?
Guides are a great idea for the first-time visitor in search of wildlife. A good guide will know where to find the animals, and will bring along a telescope so that you can get an up-close look at that sloth high in the trees or the howler monkeys across the clearing. After the first day, however, you'll probably grab your binoculars and head out on your own. It's much more gratifying to tell the folks back home that you discovered that banded anteater all by yourself.
Will I have trouble if I don't speak Spanish?
No problema. Most people in businesses catering to tourists speak at least some English. If you encounter someone who doesn't speak English, they'll probably point you to a coworker who does. Even if you're in a far-flung destination, locals will go out of their way to find somebody who speaks your language.
Can I drink the water?
Costa Rica is the only Central American country where you don't have to get stressed out about drinking the water. The water is potable in all but the most remote regions. That said, many people don't like the taste of the tap water and prefer bottled water.
Are there any worries about the food?
None whatsoever. Even the humblest roadside establishment is likely to be scrupulously clean. If you have any doubts about a place, just move on to the next one. There's no problem enjoying fruit, cheese, bread, or other local products sold from the stands set up along the roads.
Do I need to get any shots?
You probably don't have to get any vaccinations or take any special medications. Be up to date on the same routine vaccinations you would get back home. For longer trips, typhoid and hepatitis A immunizations may be warranted; check with your doctor. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) no longer recommends taking antimalarial medications for travel here.
Should I be concerned about Zika and pregnancy?
The mosquito-borne Zika virus has been detected in Costa Rica and has been associated with fetal abnormalities. The CDC recommends that pregnant women or those trying to become pregnant, along with their partners, defer non-essential travel to Costa Rica. It’s a matter best discussed with your doctor.
Can I use my ATM card?
Most ATMs are on both the Cirrus and Plus networks, so they accept debit and credit cards issued by U.S. banks. Some might accept cards with just the MasterCard or just the Visa logo; if that's the case, try a machine at a different bank. Know the exchange rate before you use an ATM for the first time so that you know about how much local currency you want to withdraw.
Do most places take credit cards?
Almost all tourist-oriented businesses accept credit cards. Smaller restaurants and hotels may not accept them at all. Some businesses don't like to accept credit cards because their banks charge them exorbitant fees for credit-card transactions. They will usually relent and charge you a small fee for the privilege.
Do I need a plug adaptor?
Outlets in Costa Rica are 120 volts, with standard U.S. two-prong plugs, three prongs if grounded, so U.S. appliances will work without adaptors.
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