National Memorial on Vítkov Hill
Fodor’s Expert Review
Vítkov Hill, one of the highest points in the city, is topped by the largest equestrian statue in the world—a 16½-ton metal sculpture of one-eyed Hussite leader Jan Žižka on horseback. The 20th-century memorial was originally built to honor the war heroes of World War I, but was used for a time during the communist period (1953–62) to display the mummified body of the country's first communist leader, Klement Gottwald. Now, the building houses the National Museum's permanent exhibition of 20th-century Czech history, with moving displays on the founding of Czechoslovakia in 1918, the Nazi occupation in 1939, the communist coup d'état in 1948, the Warsaw Pact invasion in 1968, and finally the fall of communism in 1989. There's a great view over the city from the top of the building, and a fascinating exhibition downstairs on embalming and preserving Gottwald's body.