Prague Sights

Full of fairy-tale vistas, Prague is beautiful in a way that makes even the most jaded traveler stop and snap pictures. The city is physically divided in two by the Vltava River (also sometimes known by its German name, the Moldau), which runs from south to north with a single sharp turn to the east.

Originally, Prague was composed of five independent towns: Hradčany (the Castle Area), Malá

Strana (Lesser Quarter), Staré Město (Old Town), Nové Město (New Town), and Josefov (Jewish Quarter), and these areas still make up the heart of Prague—what you think of when picturing its famed winding cobblestone streets and squares.

Hradčany, the seat of Czech royalty for hundreds of years, centers on the Pražský hrad (Prague Castle)—itself the site of the president's office. A cluster of white buildings yoked around the pointed steeples of a chapel, Prague Castle overlooks the city from a hilltop west of the Vltava River. Steps lead down from Hradčany to the Lesser Quarter, an area dense with ornate mansions built for the 17th- and 18th-century nobility.

The looming Karlův most (Charles Bridge) connects the Lesser Quarter with the Old Town. Old Town is hemmed in by the curving Vltava and three large commercial avenues: Revoluční to the east, Na příkopě to the southeast, and Národní třída to the south. A few blocks east of the bridge is the district's focal point: Staroměstské náměstí (Old Town Square), a former medieval marketplace laced with pastel-color baroque houses—easily one of the most beautiful central squares in Europe. To the north of Old Town Square the diminutive Jewish Quarter fans out around a tony avenue called Pařížská.

Beyond the former walls of the Old Town, the New Town fills in the south and east. The name "new" is a misnomer—New Town was laid out in the 14th century. (It's new only when compared with the neighboring Old Town.) Today this mostly commercial district includes the city's largest squares, Karlovo náměstí (Charles Square) and Václavské náměstí (Wenceslas Square).

Roughly 1 km (½ mile) south of Karlovo náměstí, along the Vltava, stands what’s left of the ancient castle of Vyšehrad high above the river. On a promontory to the east of Václavské náměstí stretches Vinohrady, the home of Prague's well-to-do professional set. Bordering Vinohrady are the scruffier neighborhoods of Žižkov to the north and Nusle to the south. On the west bank of the Vltava lie many older residential neighborhoods and several parks. About 3 km (2 miles) from the center in every direction, communist-era housing projects, called paneláks, begin their unsightly sprawl.

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Stare Mesto (Old Town) 21

Mala Strana (Lesser Quarter) 16

Nove Mesto (New Town) and Vyšehrad 14

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Nove Mesto (New Town) 12

Vyšehrad 2

Pražský Hrad (Prague Castle) 11

Josefov (Jewish Quarter) 9

Letna, Holešovice, and Troja 8

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Holešovice 3

Letna 2

Troja 3

Vinohrady and Žižkov 4

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Vinohrady 2

Žižkov 2

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Archaeological Site/ Ruins 1

Arts/ Performance Venue 4

Building/ Architectural Site 11

Castle/ Palace/ Chateau 1

Cemetery 2

Fountain 1

Garden/ Arboretum 4

Information Center 1

Library/ Archive 2

Museum/ Gallery 17

Neighborhood/ Street 6

Park/ Playground 4

Plaza/ Square/ Piazza 9

Public Art (Mural/ Sculpture/ Statue) 2

Religious Building/ Site/ Shrine 17

Restaurant–Sight 1

Viewpoint/ Scenic Overlook 2

Zoo/ Aquarium 1

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Prague Sights

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Bazilika svatého Jiří

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

Inside, this church looks more or less as it did in the 12th century; it's the best-preserved Romanesque relic in the country. The effect...

Betlémská kaple

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

The original church was built at the end of the 14th century, and the Czech religious reformer Jan Hus was a regular preacher here from...

Chrám svatého Mikuláše

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

With its dynamic curves, this church is arguably the purest and most ambitious example of high baroque in Prague. The celebrated architect...

Chrám svatého Víta

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

With its graceful, soaring towers, this Gothic cathedral—among the most beautiful in Europe—is the spiritual heart of Prague Castle...

Klausová synagóga

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

This baroque synagogue displays objects from Czech Jewish traditions, with an emphasis on celebrations and daily life. The synagogue...

Klášter Emauzy

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

Another of Charles IV's gifts to the city, the Benedictine monastery sits south of Karlovo náměstí. It's often called Na Slovanech...

Klášter svaté Anežky České

  • Museum/Gallery

Near the river between Pařížská and Revoluční streets, in the northeastern corner of the Old Town, this peaceful complex has Prague's...

Kostel Matky Boží před Týnem

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

The twin-spired Týn Church is an Old Town Square landmark and one of the city's best examples of Gothic architecture. The church's exterior...

Kostel Nejsvětějšího Srdce Páně

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

If you've had your fill of Romanesque, Gothic, and baroque, this church will give you a look at a startling modernist art deco edifice.

Kostel Panny Marie vítězné

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

This aging, well-appointed church on the Lesser Quarter's main street is the unlikely home of Prague's most famous religious artifact,...

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