Salzburg

Getting to know Salzburg is not too difficult, because most of its sights are within a comparatively small area. The Altstadt (Old City) is a compact area between the jutting outcrop of the Mönchsberg and the Salzach River. The cathedral and interconnecting squares surrounding it form what used to be the religious center, around which the major churches and the old archbishops' residence are arranged (note that entrance into all Salzburg churches is free). The Mönchsberg cliffs emerge unexpectedly behind the Old City, crowned to the east by the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Across the river, in the small area between the cliffs of the Kapuzinerberg and the riverbank, is the Steingasse, a narrow medieval street where laborers, craftsmen, and traders served the salt mining industry and travelers coming in and out of the region’s important mercantile hub. Northwest of the Kapuzinerberg lies Mirabell Palace and its manicured gardens.

It's best to begin by exploring the architectural and cultural riches of the Old City, then go on to the fortress. Afterward, cross the river to inspect the other bank. Ideally, you need two days to do it all. An alternative, if you enjoy exploring churches and castles, is to go directly up to the fortress, either on foot or by returning through the cemetery to the funicular railway.

If you are doing this spectacular city in just one day, consider taking a walking tour run by city guides; one sets out every day at 12:15 pm from the tourist information office, Information Mozartplatz, at Mozart Square (closed on some Sundays during off-season). There are also escorted bus and bicycle tours through the city .

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  • 1. Mirabellgarten

    Garden/Arboretum

    While there's a choice of entrances to the Mirabell Gardens—from the Makartplatz (framed by the statues of Roman gods), the Schwarzstrasse,...Read More

  • 2. Dreifaltigkeitskirche

    Religious Building/Site/Shrine

    The Makartplatz—named after Hans Makart, the most famous Austrian painter of the mid-19th century—is dominated at the top (east) end by Fischer...Read More

  • 3. Friedhof St. Sebastian

    Cemetery

    Memorably re-created for the escape scene in The Sound of Music on a Hollywood soundstage, this final resting place for many members of the...Read More

  • 4. Kapuzinerberg Hill

    Religious Building/Site/Shrine

    Directly opposite the Mönchsberg on the other side of the river, Kapuzinerberg Hill is crowned by several interesting sights. By ascending a...Read More

  • 5. Marionettentheater

    Arts/Performance Venue

    The Salzburger Marionettentheater is both the world's greatest marionette theater and—surprise!—a sublime theatrical experience. Many critics...Read More

  • 6. Mirabell Palace

    Castle/Palace/Chateau

    The "Taj Mahal of Salzburg," Schloss Mirabell was built in 1606 by the immensely wealthy and powerful Prince-Archbishop Wolf-Dietrich for his...Read More

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  • 7. Mozart Audio Visual Collection

    Museum/Gallery

    In the same building as the Mozart Wohnhaus (Residence), this is an archive of thousands of Mozart recordings as well as films and video productions...Read More

  • 8. Mozart Wohnhaus

    House/Mansion/Villa

    The Mozart family moved from its cramped quarters in Getreidegasse to this house on the Hannibal Platz, as it was then known, in 1773. Wolfgang...Read More

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  • 9. Steingasse

    Neighborhood/Street

    This narrow medieval street, walled in on one side by the bare cliffs of the Kapuzinerberg, was originally the ancient Roman entrance into the...Read More

  • 10. Barockmuseum

    Museum/Gallery

    Art lovers will make a beeline for the Barockmuseum, beside the Orangery of the Mirabell Gardens. It houses a collection of late-17th- and 18th...Read More

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