Fodor's Expert Review Al-Rifa'i Mosque
Although it appears neo-Mamluk in style, this mosque was not commissioned until 1869, by the mother of Khedive Isma'il, the Princess Khushyar. The project was completed in 1912, but at least from the outside, it seems more timeworn and less modern in style than the 14th-century Sultan Hassan Mosque next to it.
True to the excessive khedivial tastes, the inside is markedly different from the other mosque: where Sultan Hassan is relatively unadorned, al-Rifa'i is lavishly decorated. Inside the mausoleum are the bodies of Khashyar, King Fu'ad (father of Farouk, the last king of Egypt), other members of the royal family, Sufi holy men of the Rifa'i order (hence the establishment's name), and the last shah of Iran.