The highlights of the State Art Gallery's permanent collection include paintings by the renowned Brazilian artists Tarsila do Amaral and Cândido Portinari. Amaral, who died in São Paulo in 1973, applied avant-garde techniques, some of which she acquired while hanging out with the Cubists in 1920s Paris, with Brazilian themes and content. Portinari, born in São Paulo State and known for his neorealistic style, also dealt with social and historical themes. The museum
occupies a 1905 structure that was renovated in the late 1990s. The exterior recalls a 1950s brick firehouse, while the view through the central courtyard's interior windows evokes the cliffs of Cuenca, Spain.