A combination of traditional reverence and an infamous outlaw’s date with destiny put Sundance on Wyoming’s map, and continues to draw visitors today. Native American tribes such as the Crow, Cheyenne, and Lakota consider Sundance Mountain and the Bear Lodge Mountains to be sacred. Before whites arrived in the 1870s the Native Americans congregated nearby each June for their Sun Dance, an important ceremonial gathering.
The event gave its name to this small town, which in turn gave its name to the outlaw Harry Longabaugh, the Sundance Kid, who spent time in the local jail for stealing a horse. Ranch country and the western Black Hills surround the town.