Old as Columbia may be, trendy and collegiate neighborhoods have given the city an edge. The symphony, two professional ballet companies, several theaters that stage live—and often locally written—productions, and a number of engaging museums keep culture alive. The city is a sprawling blend of modern office blocks, suburban neighborhoods, and the occasional antebellum home. Here, too, is the expansive main campus of the University of South Carolina. Out of town, 550-acre Lake Murray is full of pontoon boats and Jet Skis, and Congaree Swamp National Park is waiting to be explored.
In 1786 South Carolina's capital was moved from Charleston to Columbia, along the banks of the Congaree River. One of the nation's first planned cities, Columbia has streets that are among the widest in America, because it was then thought that stagnant air in narrow streets fostered the spread of malaria. The city soon grew into a center of political, commercial, and cultural activity, but in early 1865 General William Tecumseh Sherman invaded South Carolina and incinerated two-thirds of Columbia. A few homes, public buildings, and historic sights were spared. The First Baptist Church, where secession was declared, still stands because a janitor directed Sherman's troops to a Presbyterian church instead.
Columbia at a Glance
- Columbia Museum of Art
- EdVenture Children's Museum
- Hampton-Preston Mansion
- Lake Murray
- Mann-Simons Cottage
- Riverbanks Zoological Park and Botanical Garden
- Riverfront Park and Historic Columbia Canal
Sports and Outdoors
- Art Bar
- Blue Tapas Bar and Cocktail Lounge
- Colonial Life Arena
- Cultural Council of Richland and Lexington Counties
- Hunter-Gatherer Brewery & Alehouse