When Shelburne's population exploded after the Revolutionary War, Black Loyalists were relegated to land 7 km (4.5 miles) northwest of town. The community they created—Birchtown, named for the British general who oversaw their evacuation from New York—became the biggest free settlement of African Americans in the world. Birchtown's virtually forgotten story was told in Lawrence Hill's award-winning novel The Book of Negroes, and its founders are now honored at this site, which includes a national historic monument, a 1.5 km (1 mile) interpretive trail, and a small museum. A new larger museum and heritage center is expected to open in late 2014.
98 Old Birchtown Rd., off Hwy. 103, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, B0T 1W0, Canada