- Places to Explore
- Travel Tips
- Fodor's Choice
Fodor's Istanbul's 25 Best
Istanbul Archaeology Museums (İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri)
Istanbul Archaeology Museums (İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri) Review
Step into this vast repository of spectacular finds, housed in a three-building complex in a forecourt of Topkapı Palace, to get a head-spinning look at the civilizations that have thrived for thousands of years in and around Turkey. The main museum was established in 1891, when forward-thinking archaeologist and painter Osman Hamdi Bey campaigned to keep native antiquities and some items from the former countries of the Ottoman Empire in Turkish hands. The most stunning pieces are sarcophagi that include the so-called Alexander Sarcophagus, found in Lebanon, carved with scenes from Alexander the Great's battles, and once believed, wrongly, to be his final resting place. An excellent exhibit on Istanbul through the ages has artifacts and fragments brought from historical sites around the city that shed light on its complex past, from prehistory through the Byzantine period.
Exhibits on Anatolia include a display of some of the artifacts found in excavations at Troy, including a smattering of gold jewelry. A significant recent addition to the museum's collection is a 2nd-century AD Roman mosaic of Orpheus from Edessa (the modern-day Turkish city of Şanlıurfa) that the Dallas Museum of Art returned to Turkey in 2012 after it was determined to have been looted decades earlier. The main building's south wing, which has an extensive collection of classical sculpture, is closed for renovations until at least summer 2014.
Don't miss a visit to the Çinili Köşk (Tiled Pavilion), one of the most visually pleasing sights in all of Istanbul—a bright profusion of colored tiles covers this one-time hunting lodge of Mehmet the Conqueror, built in 1472. Inside are ceramics from the early Seljuk and Ottoman empires, as well as brilliant tiles from İznik, the city that produced perhaps the finest ceramics in the world during the 16th and 17th centuries.
In summer, you can mull over these glimpses into the distant past as you sip coffee or tea at the café in the garden, surrounded by fragments of ancient sculptures.
The Eski Şark Eserleri Müzesi (Museum of the Ancient Orient) transports visitors to even earlier times: The vast majority of the panels, mosaics, obelisks, and other artifacts here, from Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and elsewhere in the Arab world, date from the pre-Christian centuries. One of the most significant pieces in the collection is a 13th-century BC tablet on which is recorded the Treaty of Kadesh, perhaps the world's earliest known peace treaty, an accord between the Hittite king Hattusili III and the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II. Also noteworthy are reliefs from the ancient city of Babylon, dating to the era of the famous king Nebuchadnezzar II.
- Address: Gülhane Park, next to Topkapı Sarayı, Sultanahmet, Istanbul | Map It
- Phone: 212/520–7740
- Cost: 10 TL (total) for the 3 museums
- Hours: Apr.–Oct., Tues.–Sun. 9–7; Nov.–Mar., 9–5; ticket sales until an hr before closing
- Website: www.istanbularkeoloji.gov.tr
- Location: Sultanahmet: The Historic Center
- 80 Degrees: Fodor's Helps You Find Your Best Beach Vacation Spots
- Fodor's Go List 2014: Where we are going in 2014
- World Cup Fever: Start planning your trip to Brazil!
- Fodor's 100 Hotel Awards: Check out the winners of 2013
- Weekend Getaways: Fodor's Recommends the Best Weekend Escapes in the US
- Great American Vacation: Find Your Next U.S. Trip with Fodor's
It is 10:15PM in this part of the globe. Read more
My wife, Joanne and I (from London, Ontario, Canada) went on our first "Bus Tour" and our first tour organized by Gate 1 Travel through a recommendation of a friend, Larry (from North Carolina) in late Read more
I would love any information on advice on taking a night bus from Cappadocia to Pamukkale. Read more
· News & Features
With its glamorous waterways and millennia of history, Istanbul is a stunner in any season. ... Read more
Not far from Dolmabahce Palace, the Shangri La Bosphorous, Istanbul has opened at long last.... Read more
The curious and daring among you will discover the vibrant, gilded landscape of Istanbul, the city tha... Read more