Alexander Menshikov (circa 1672-1729), the first governor of St. Petersburg, began building this luxurious summer residence on the shores of the Baltic Sea in 1710. Before construction was complete, however, Menshikov was stripped of his formidable political power and exiled, leaving his half-finished summer estate in the hands of Peter III, the ill-fated husband of Catherine the Great. Lomonosov was originally called Oranienbaum after the orangery attached to the main palace then renamed for the 18th-century scientist Mikhail Lomonosov and is the only imperial residence to have survived World War II entirely intact.
Elsewhere in Side Trips from St. Petersburg
- 80 Degrees: Fodor's Helps You Find Your Best Beach Vacation Spots
- Fodor's Go List 2014: Where we are going in 2014
- World Cup Fever: Start planning your trip to Brazil!
- Fodor's 100 Hotel Awards: Check out the winners of 2013
- Weekend Getaways: Fodor's Recommends the Best Weekend Escapes in the US
- Great American Vacation: Find Your Next U.S. Trip with Fodor's