This square, which is adjacent to Rossio train station, marks the beginning of modern Lisbon. Here the broad, tree-lined Avenida da Liberdade starts its northwesterly ascent. Restauradores means "restoration," and the square commemorates the 1640 uprising against Spanish rule that restored Portuguese independence after a 60-year hiatus. An obelisk (raised in 1886) commemorates the event. Note the elegant 18th-century Palácio Foz on the square's west side. Before World War I, it contained a casino; today it houses a national tourist office, the tourist police, and a shop selling reproductions from the country's state museums. The only building to rival the palace is the restored Éden building, just to the south. This Art Deco masterpiece of Portuguese architect Cassiano Branco now contains the VIP Éden apartment-hotel.
Lisbon, 1250, Portugal