Housed in a 17th-century palace once owned by the Counts of Alvor and vastly enlarged in 1940 when it took over the Convent of St. Albert, the Ancient Art Museum has a beautifully displayed collection of Portuguese art—mainly from the 15th through 19th century. The religious works of the Flemish-influenced Portuguese school stand out, especially Nuno Gonçalves' masterpiece, the St. Vincent Panels. Painted between 1467 and 1470, the altarpiece has six panels believed to show the patron saint of Lisbon receiving the homage of king, court, and citizens (although there are other theories). Sixty figures have been identified, including Henry the Navigator; the archbishop of Lisbon; and sundry dukes, fishermen, knights, and religious figures. The museum also boasts early Flemish works that influenced the Portuguese, and other European artists are well represented, such as Hieronymous Bosch, Hans Holbein, Brueghel the Younger, and Diego Velázquez. There are also extensive collections
of French silver, Portuguese furniture and tapestries, Asian ceramics, and items fashioned from Goan ivory. Out back, the café's leafy garden affords a panoramic view of the river.
Trams 15 from Praça do Comércio and 18 from Cais do Sodré drop you over the road from a steep flight of steps below the museum. Otherwise, Buses 727 from Praça Marquês de Pombal and 760 from Praça da Figueira via Praça do Comércio run straight to Rua das Janelas Verdes.