Krakow Sights

Starting as a market town in the 10th century, Kraków became Poland's capital in 1037. Until as recently as the 19th century walls encircled the Old Town; these have been replaced by the Planty, a ring of parkland, in the 1820s. Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many interesting examples of architecture from that period can be found within the second ring, marked

by Aleje and Dietla streets. In the late 20th century another phase of the city's development began farther out, and it continues today.

Most major historical attractions are within walking distance in the compact Old Town, but you'll also find very interesting sights further outside the city center, including Kościuszko's Mound to the west and Nowa Huta to the east of the city center.

To the immediate southeast of the Old Town is the old Jewish quarter of Kazimierz. This was once a separate town, chartered in 1335 by its founder, King Kazimierz the Great. In 1495 Kraków's Jews were expelled from the city by King John Albert, and they resettled in Kazimierz. The Jewish community there came to an abrupt and tragic end during World War II. In 1941, the Jews of Kazimierz were moved first to a Jewish ghetto across the Vistula River in Podgórze, then to the Płaszów concentration camp. Most who survived Płaszów were transported to their deaths in the much larger concentration camp at Auschwitz–Birkenau. The story of the few Jews who escaped Płaszów through the help of businessman Oskar Schindler formed the basis of Thomas Keneally's book (and Steven Spielberg's film) Schindler's List.

Development during the 2010s has breathed a new life into the district of Podgórze, which gained as many as three new museums. The Historical Museum and MOCAK Museum of Contemporary art are both in the area of the former Schindler Factory; a third, Cricoteka, documents the work of Tadeusz Kantor. Podgórze abounds with hip restaurants and bars, and is the destination to go to if you want to get away from the crowds.

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Stare Miasto (Old Town) 17

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Krakow Sights

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Rynek Underground

  • Archaeological Site/Ruins

Directly underneath the main square, this permanent exhibition, a branch of the Kraków City Historical Museum, presents the history...

Smocza Jama

  • Cave

Every Polish child knows the legend of the fire-breathing dragon that once terrorized residents from his Smocza Jama, a cave at the foot...

Stara Synagoga

  • Museum/Gallery

The oldest surviving example of Jewish religious architecture in Poland, this synagogue was built in the 15th century and reconstructed...

Synagoga Izaaka

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

Isaac's Synagogue was named after its founder, Izaak Jakubowicz (reb Ajzyk reb Jekeles). One of the most famous Hasidic legends is connected...

Synagoga Remuh

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

This 16th-century synagogue is still used for worship and is named after the son of its founder, Rabbi Moses Isserles, who is buried...

Synagoga Tempel

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

The 19th-century Reformed Tempel Synagogue has a striking, eclectic decor complete with stained-glass windows. Under the care of the...

The Gallery of Nineteenth-Century Polish Art at Sukiennice

  • Museum/Gallery

A statue of Adam Mickiewicz marks the eastern entrance to the Renaissance Cloth Hall, which is in the middle of the Main Market Square.

Ulica Floriańska

  • Neighborhood/Street

The beautiful Brama Floriańska (Florian Gate) was built around 1300 and leads through Kraków's old city walls to this street, which...

Ulica Kanonicza

  • Neighborhood/Street

This street, which leads from almost the center of town to the foot of Wawel Hill, is considered by some the most beautiful street in...

Zamek Królewski na Wawelu

  • Castle/Palace/Chateau

The castle that now stands here dates from the early 16th century, when the Romanesque residence that stood on this site was destroyed...

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