Stress the first "i" when you pronounce the name of this provincial Calabrian city, which is nestled in the deep valley under the 7,375-foot-tall Mt. Pollino. The town is notable for its summer jazz festival; many of festival events are held in the medieval Aragonese castle. You can also visit the historic synagogue, which dates from the early Middle Ages, and 16th-century San Giuliano church.
Castrovillari is also a great jumping-off point for exploring the Albanian-speaking village of Cìvita, as well as Pollino National Park, Italy’s biggest national park and a walkers' paradise. Castrovillari's world-class restaurant and inn, La Locanda di Alia, has made the city something of a gastronomical destination.