This Baroque triumph is by Guarino Guarini, the priest and architect who designed several of Turin's most noteworthy structures. Built between 1679 and 1685, the redbrick palace played an important role in the creation of the modern-day nation. Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy (1820–78), the first king of a united Italy, was born within these walls, and Italy's first parliament met here from 1860 to 1865. The palace now houses the Museo del Risorgimento, a museum
honoring the 19th-century movement for Italian unity.