Milan Sights

Castello Sforzesco

  • Castle/Palace/Chateau

Published 06/07/2016

Fodor's Review

Wandering the grounds of this tranquil castle and park near the center of Milan is a great respite from the often-hectic city, and the interesting museums inside are an added bonus. The castle's crypts and battlements, including a tunnel that emerges well into the Parco Sempione behind, can be visited with privately reserved guides from Ad Artem (02/ or Opera d'Arte (02/

For the serious student of Renaissance military engineering, the Castello must be something of a travesty, so often has it been remodeled or rebuilt since it was begun in 1450 by the condottiere (hired mercenary) who founded the city's second dynastic family, Francesco Sforza, fourth duke of Milan. Although today "mercenary" has a pejorative ring, during the Renaissance all Italy's great soldier-heroes were professionals hired by the cities and principalities they served. Of them—and there

were thousands—Francesco Sforza (1401–66) is considered one of the greatest, most honest, and most organized. It is said he could remember the names not only of all his men but of their horses as well. His rule signaled the enlightened age of the Renaissance but preceded the next foreign rule by a scant 50 years.

Since the turn of the 20th century, the Castello has been the depository of several city-owned collections of Egyptian and other antiquities, musical instruments, arms and armor, decorative arts and textiles, prints and photographs (on consultation), paintings, and sculpture. Highlights include the Sala delle Asse, a frescoed room still sometimes attributed to Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), which is currently undergoing restoration, though it's still open to the public. Michelangelo's unfinished Rondanini Pietà, believed to be his last work—an astounding achievement for a man nearly 90, and a moving coda to his life—is housed in the Museo Pieta Rondanini. The pinacoteca (picture gallery) features 230 paintings from medieval times to the 18th century, including works by Antonello da Messina, Canaletto, Andrea Mantegna, and Bernardo Bellotto. The Museo dei Mobili (furniture museum), which illustrates the development of Italian furniture from the Middle Ages to current design, includes a delightful collection of Renaissance treasure chests of exotic woods with tiny drawers and miniature architectural details. A single ticket purchased in the office in an inner courtyard admits visitors to these separate installations, which are dispersed around the castle's two immense courtyards.

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Sight Information


Piazza Castello, Milan, Lombardy, 20121, Italy



Sight Details:

  • Castle free, museums €5 (free Tues. 2–5:30, Wed.–Fri. and weekends 4:30–5:30)
  • Museums closed Mon.

Published 06/07/2016


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