Cardinal Federico Borromeo, one of Milan's native saints, founded this picture gallery in 1618 with the addition of his personal art collection to a bequest of books to Italy's first public library. More-recent renovations have reunited the core works of the collection, including such treasures as Caravaggio's Basket of Fruit and Raphael's monumental preparatory drawing (known as a "cartoon") for The School of Athens, which hangs in the Vatican. In addition to works by Lombard artists are paintings by Botticelli, Luini, Titian, and Jan Brueghel. A wealth of charmingly idiosyncratic items on display include 18th-century scientific instruments and gloves worn by Napoléon at Waterloo. Access to the library, the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, is limited to researchers who apply for entrance tickets.