In the 9th century, a group of monks from Scotland took refuge at Kells (Ceanannus Mór), where St. Columba had founded a monastery 300 years earlier. Although some historians think it was indigenous monks who wrote and illustrated the Book of Kells—the Latin version of the four Gospels, and one of Ireland's greatest medieval treasures—most now believe that the Scottish monks brought it with them. Reputed to have been fished out of a watery bog at Kells, the legendary manuscript was removed for safekeeping during the Cromwellian wars to Trinity College, Dublin, where it remains.

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