Gazi, the neighborhood surrounding this former 19th-century-gasworks–turned–arts complex, takes its name from the toxic gas fumes that used to spew from the factory's smokestacks. Today Gazi is synonymous with the hippest restaurants, edgiest galleries, and trendiest nightclubs in town. The smokestacks now glow crimson with colored lights, anchoring a burgeoning stretch that runs from the central neighborhood of Kerameikos to the once-decrepit neighborhood of Rouf.
The city of Athens bought the disused gasworks in the late 1990s and helped convert it into Technopolis, a city of arts and culture, which since 2013 also houses the Industrial Gas Museum. The transformation preserved all the original architecture and stonework, and includes exhibition spaces dedicated to preserving the gasworks heritage and a large courtyard with a coffe shop open to the public. The spaces regularly host shows on a range of topics—war photography, open-air jazz, comic-book art, rock and theater performances, rave nights, and parties.