The site of Hitler's luxurious mountain retreat is part of the north slope of the Hoher Goll, high above Berchtesgaden. It was a remote mountain community of farmers and foresters before Hitler's deputy, Martin Bormann, selected the site for a complex of Alpine homes for top Nazi leaders. Hitler's chalet, the Berghof, and all the others were destroyed in 1945, with the exception of a hotel that had been taken over by the Nazis, the Hotel zum Türken. The round-trip from
Berchtesgaden's post office by bus and elevator costs €16.10 per person. The bus runs mid-May through September, daily from 9 to 4:50. By car you can travel only as far as the Obersalzberg bus station. The full round-trip takes one hour. To get the most out of your visit to the Kehlsteinhaus, consider taking one of the informative tours offered by David Harper. Reserve in advance at 08652/64971 or www.eagles-nest-historical-tours.com. Tours meet across from the train station and cost €50.
Bunkers. Beneath the hotel is a section of the labyrinth of tunnels built as a last retreat for Hitler and his cronies; the macabre, murky bunkers can be visited. Hintereck 2, 83471. 08652/2428. www.hotel-zum-tuerken.de/hotel.html. €3. Apr–end-Oct. daily 10–5; winter opening on request.
Dokumentation Obersalzberg. Nearby, the Dokumentation Obersalzberg documents the notorious history of the Third Reich, and a special focus on Obersalzberg, with some surprisingly rare archive material. Salzbergstr. 41, 83471. 08652/947960. www.obersalzberg.de. €3. Apr.–Oct., daily 9–5; Nov.–Mar., Tues.–Sun. 10–3.
Kehlsteinhaus. Beyond Obersalzberg, the hairpin bends of Germany's highest road come to the base of the 6,000-foot peak on which sits the Kehlsteinhaus, also known as the Adlerhorst (Eagle's Nest), Hitler's personal retreat and his official guesthouse. It was Martin Bormann's gift to the führer on Hitler's 50th birthday. The road leading to it, built in 1937–39, climbs more than 2,000 dizzying feet in less than 6 km (4 mi). A tunnel in the mountain will bring you to an elevator that whisks you up to what appears to be the top of the world (you can walk up in about half an hour). There are refreshment rooms and a restaurant. Kehlstein Busabfahrt, Hintereck, 83471. 08652/2969. www.kehlsteinhaus.de.