For many people, the first stop in Yorkshire is the historic cathedral city of York. Much of the city's medieval and 18th-century architecture has survived, making it a delight to explore. It's one of the most popular short-stay destinations in Britain and only two hours by train from London's King's Cross Station.
Named "Eboracum" by the Romans, York was the military capital of Roman Britain, and traces of garrison buildings survive throughout the city. After the Roman Empire collapsed in the 5th century, the Saxons built "Eoforwic" on the ruins of a fort, but were soon defeated by Vikings, who called the town "Jorvik" and used it as a base from which to subjugate the countryside. The Normans came in the 11th century and emulated the Vikings by using the town as a military base. They also established the foundations of York Minster, the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe. The 19th century saw large houses built on the outskirts of the city center.