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Though not the U.K.’s most visually appealing city—thanks to decline of heavy industry, bombing during World War II and some drab civic architecture in the decades afterwards—21st-century Birmingham is a vibrant and diverse metropolis, in the midst of a major cultural rebirth.
The city first flourished in the boom years of the 19th-century's Industrial Revolution. Its inventive citizens accumulated enormous wealth, and at one time the city had some of the finest Victorian buildings in the country. It still has some of the most ravishingly beautiful Pre-Raphaelite paintings, on view in the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.
Today art galleries, theater, museums, ballet, and a symphony orchestra all thrive here. Creative redevelopment and public art are increasingly making areas more attractive, too. The redeveloped Bullring shopping center, part of which has a striking, curving facade of 15,000 aluminum disks, has won widespread critical acclaim.
The city has a distinctive, almost singsong local accent—known as "Brummie"—that’s often the butt of unfair jokes in the U.K. In 2008 the London Times reported a survey finding it to be the accent Brits most associated with stupidity, even more so than being unable to speak at all. A favorite local rebuttal is to point out that Shakespeare, born and raised just 25 miles away, would have had a Brummie accent.
Birmingham, with a metropolitan area population of 2.6 million, lies 25 miles north of Stratford-upon-Avon and 120 miles northwest of London.
Birmingham at a Glance
- Avoncroft Museum of Historic Buildings
- Barber Institute of Fine Art
- Birmingham Back to Backs
- Birmingham Cathedral
- Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
- Black Country Living Museum
Sports and Outdoors
- Bar Epernay
- Birmingham Repertory Theatre
- Birmingham Royal Ballet
- Electric Cinema
- The Fighting Cocks
- Jam House
Elsewhere in Stratford-upon-Avon and the Heart of England
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