Just the word Terezín (Theresienstadt in German) immediately recalls the horrors of the Jewish Holocaust for Czechs. Originally built as a military city in the 18th century, Nazis quickly saw its potential, and removed the 7,000 original inhabitants to turn the city into a Jewish ghetto, and the fortress into a prison. Terezín was the main Nazi concentration camp in Bohemia; but it wasn’t designed as a death camp, even though in the end more than 38,000 people died in either the ghetto or prison. The city was supposed to be a "model" Jewish settlement, part of a humane façade the Nazis presented to the Red Cross in 1944.


Trip Finder

No Thanks

Love To Travel?

Get FREE email communications from Fodor's Travel, covering must-see travel destinations, expert trip planning advice, and travel inspiration to fuel your passion.

Thank You

Now sit back, relax, and check your inbox to start planning your next travel adventure.

Please tell us more about the type of travel you're interested in. Check all that apply.