Mljet is a long, thin island of steep, rocky slopes and dense pine forests, more than a third of which is contained within Mljet National Park. The Kings of Bosnia, who ruled the island during medieval times, gave it to Benedictine monks from Puglia in Italy during the 12th century, who in turn passed it on to the Republic of Dubrovnik in 1410. No great towns ever grew up here, and today it is home to half a dozen small villages, with a total population of about 1,100 people. Lovers of ancient Greek literature will be interested to know that Mljet has been identified as Homer's lost island Ogygia, where Ulysses met the nymph Calypso.
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