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Vienna in Film: The Third Man
Nothing has done more to create the myth of postwar Vienna than Carol Reed's classic 1949 film The Third Man. The bombed-out ruins of this proud, imperial city created an indelible image of devastation and corruption in the war's aftermath. Vienna was then divided into four sectors, each commanded by one of the victorious armies—American, Russian, French, and British. But their attempts at rigid control could not prevent a thriving black market.
Reed's film version of the Graham Greene thriller features Vienna as a leading player, from the top of its Ferris wheel to the depth of its lowest sewers—"which run right into the Blue Danube." It was the first British film to be shot entirely on location.
Joseph Cotten plays Holly Martins, a pulp-fiction writer who comes to Vienna in search of his friend Harry Lime (Orson Welles). He makes the mistake of delving too deeply into Lime's affairs, even falling in love with his girlfriend, Anna Schmidt (Alida Valli), with fatal consequences.
Many of the sites where the film was shot are easily visited. Harry Lime appears for the first time nearly one hour into the film in the doorway of Anna's apartment building at No. 8 Schreyvogelgasse, around the corner from the Mölker-Bastei (a remnant of the old city wall). He then runs to Am Hof, a lovely square lined with baroque town houses and churches, which appears much closer to Anna's neighborhood than it actually is.
The scene between Lime and Martins on the Ferris wheel was filmed on the Riesenrad at the Prater, the huge amusement park across the Danube Canal. While the two friends talk in the enclosed compartment, the wheel slowly makes a revolution, with all Vienna spread out below them.
In the memorable chase at the end of the movie, Lime is seen running through the damp sewers of Vienna, hotly pursued by the authorities. In reality, he would not have been able to use the sewer system as an escape route because the tunnels were too low and didn't connect between the different centers of the city. A more feasible, if less cinematic, possibility of escape was offered by the labyrinth of cellars that still connected many buildings in the city.
Lime's funeral is held at the Zentralfriedhof (Central Cemetery), reachable by the No. 71 streetcar. This is the final scene of the movie, where Anna Schmidt walks down the stark, wide avenue, refusing to acknowledge the wistful presence of Holly Martins.
After touring sewers and cemeteries, treat yourself to a stop at the Hotel Sacher, used for a scene in the beginning of the movie when Holly Martins is using the telephone in the lobby. The bar in the Sacher was a favorite hangout of director Carol Reed, who left a signed note to the bartender, saying: "To the creator of the best Bloody Marys in the whole world."
The film is screened on Tuesday, Friday, and Sunday in the Burg Kino, and a memorabilia museum open on Saturday is near the Naschmarkt.
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