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Cuba's third-largest city (population 315,000) and the capital of the country's biggest province, Camagüey is a sprawling but tranquil town of narrow, cobbled streets—lined with an eclectic mix of architecture—converging on plazas dominated by colonial churches. The camagüeyanos, as its citizens are known, are proud of their city and its nearly five centuries of history. They're accommodating to the few foreigners who pass this way, which makes it that much more pleasant to visit.
Camagüey was one of the seven villas founded by Diego Velázquez at the beginning of the 16th century. Originally called Puerto del Principe (Prince's Port), it started out on the northern coast and was moved twice, reaching its current location in 1528. It wasn't until the early 1900s that it took the name Camagüey, after a tree common to the region. As the vast plain surrounding it was converted to ranchland, the city became a prosperous commercial center. During the 17th and 18th centuries, buccaneers and pirates, led by the likes of Henry Morgan, marched inland and sacked the city several times. As protection against such invasions, Camagüey was transformed into a maze of narrow streets that facilitated ambushing attackers in the old days but today only make it easier for visitors to get lost.
As sugar exports came to complement ranching profits, Camagüey developed a criollo upper class that was supportive of the independence movements that swept the country in the 19th century. Some of its most fortunate sons took up arms against the Spanish, and many paid dearly for their treason. The most famous of these rebels was Ignacio Agramonte; after he was killed by the Spanish, his body was burned in public. Agramonte consequently became the town hero.
As the city is set in a fairly dry, flat region, for centuries the camagüeyanos drank rainwater collected in giant ceramic vessels called tinajones. In the early 20th century, when a water system was finally built, it's estimated that there were 1,900 such containers, more than enough to give Camagüey its nickname "City of the Tinajones." Those giant jugs are now displayed all over town, and the need for them gave birth to a ceramic-making tradition. One popular legend has it that if a local maiden gives a visitor water from a tinajón, he'll fall in love with her and never leave. Whether or not the same applies to women who accept drinks from local lads is unclear, but caution is advised.
Camagüey at a Glance
- Casa Natal de Ignacio Agramonte
- Iglesia de la Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
- Nuestra Señora de la Merced
- Parque Ignacio Agramonte
Sports and Outdoors
Elsewhere in Central Cuba
- Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo
- Cayo Las Brujas
- Ciego de Ávila
- El Valle de los Ingenios
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