- Architecture Skyscrapers share Osaka's 1,500-year-old skyline with 4th-century burial mounds, while Nara's wealth of classical temples, pagodas, and shrines are outstanding.
- Food Osaka has been nihon no daidokoro (Japan's kitchen) since the 17th century. The region's tender, highly marbleized Kobe beef is world famous.
- Nada no Sake The sake breweries of Nada, in western Kobe, use miyamizu (mineral-rich water) and Yamada Nishiki rice, grown near Mt. Rokko.
- Shopping Locals in old wooden shops sell Nara's famous crafts sumi (ink sticks) for calligraphy and ink painting, Nara sarashi (fine handwoven, sun-bleached linen), and akahadayaki pottery.
- Todai-ji Temple Complex The complex in Kobe includes the Daibutsu-den, home to the monumental Great Buddha. The 8th-century San-gatsu-do houses Tenpyo-era statues.
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