Kolkata (Calcutta) Sights

In 2001, Calcutta's name was officially changed to Kolkata. This transformation, like similar ones in India, was supposed to contribute to ridding the city of its colonial past. The two names are used interchangeably. Streets, too, have been renamed. Although some maps and street signs have only the new names, you're more likely to see just the old or both. Taxis and rickshaws use the names interchangeably,

but old names are still favored, as most of the new names are ridiculously long and obscure. Here are a few of the most important name changes:

Chowringhee Road/Jawaharlal Nehru (J. L. Nehru) Road

Ballygunge Circular/Pramathesh Barua Sarani

Bowbazar/B. B. Ganguly Street

Harington Street/Ho Chi Minh Sarani

Lansdowne Road/Sarat Bose Road

Lower Circular Road/A. J. C. Bose Road

Rippon Street/Muzaffar Ahmed Street

Theatre Road/Shakespeare Sarani

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Area

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North Kolkata 12

Central Kolkata and the Maidan 11

South Kolkata 4

Category

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Bridge/ Tunnel 1

Building/ Architectural Site 4

Castle/ Palace/ Chateau 1

Cemetery 1

Commercial District 1

Educational Institution 1

Garden/ Arboretum 1

Historic District/ Site 1

Hospital–Sight 1

Library/ Archive 1

Market/ Bazaar 1

Memorial/ Monument/ Tomb 2

Military Site 1

Museum/ Gallery 4

Neighborhood/ Street 3

Park (National/ State/ Provincial) 1

Plaza/ Square/ Piazza 1

Promenade/ Boardwalk 1

Religious Building/ Site/ Shrine 6

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Kolkata (Calcutta) Sights

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Indian Botanical Gardens

  • Garden/Arboretum

Across the Second Hooghly Bridge (Vivekananda Setu) in Howrah are these sprawling botanical gardens, first opened in 1786. Darjeeling...

Kalighat Kali Temple

  • Religious Building/Site/Shrine

Built in 1809, the Kali temple is one of the most significant pilgrimage sites in India, with shrines to Shiva, Krishna, and Kali, the...

National Library

  • Library/Archive

Once the house of the lieutenant governor of Calcutta, this hefty neo-Renaissance building has miles of books and pleasant reading rooms.

Nirmal Hriday

  • Hospital–Sight

Mother Teresa's first home for the dying is now one of 300 affiliated organizations worldwide that care for people in the most dire need.

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