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Kashgar, the westernmost city in China, is closer to Baghdad than Beijing. More than 3,400 km (2,100 mi) west of the capital, the city has been a center of trade between China and the outside world for at least 2,000 years. Today Kashgar is a hub for merchants coming in over the Khunjerab Pass from Pakistan and the Torugart Pass from Kyrgyzstan. When these two treacherous mountain passes are open between May 1 and October 30, Kashgar becomes a particularly colorful city, abuzz not only with curious Western tourists but also with visitors from every corner of Central Asia.
Despite an increasing Han presence in central Kashgar (symbolized by one of the largest Mao statues in the country), the city is still overwhelmingly Uyghur. A great deal of modernization has taken place here since the railway from Ürümqi arrived in 1999. Beijing is showering attention and money to boost the local economy and placate Kashgar's Uyghur population. In 2008 local Uyghurs attacked the police and killed 16 officers. This led to a heavy security presence that remains today. Despite protests from Uyghurs and conservationists, in 2009 the government tore down thousands of homes in the Old City. Still, parts of Kashgar remain in a time warp. Only a few blocks from newly built karaoke parlors and car dealerships you can still find blacksmiths, bakers, and cobblers. Much of the city's Uyghur architecture has been demolished, but there are still some traditional houses with ornately painted balconies, as well as large remaining sections of the Old City. Most visitors come to Kashgar for the amazing Sunday Market, the largest bazaar in Central Asia and one of the best photo-ops in all of China.
Kashgar at a Glance
- Intizar Restaurant (Yín tí zhā ěr kuài cāntīng)
- Jalawan (Jí wū lán měishí)
- Karakorum Café (Kā lā kūnlún kāfēi tīng)
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