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A small oasis town, Dunhuang was for many centuries the most important Buddhist destination on the Silk Road. Just outside of town, beyond the towering dunes of Singing Sand Mountain, you can see the extraordinary caves of the Mogao Grottoes, considered the richest repository of Buddhist art in the world.Buddhism entered China via the Silk Road, and as Dunhuang was the point
of entry to the Chinese world, it was not long before a temple was established here. By 366, the first caves were being carved and painted at the Mogao oasis. Work continued until the 10th century, after which they were left undisturbed for nearly 1,000 years.