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Tips to Unlocking the City
Navigating The Streets
Shanghai is divided into east and west sides by the Huangpu River. The metro area is huge, but the city center is a relatively small district in Puxi (west of the river). On the east side lies the district that has undergone massive urbanization in the past decade, with a housing boom, the construction of towering office buildings, and even plans to open a Shanghai Disneyland in 2015—Pudong (east of the river). The city is loosely laid out on a grid, and most neighborhoods are easily explored on foot. Massive construction makes pavements uneven and the air dusty, but if you can put up with this, walking is the best way to really get a feel for the city and its people. Taxis are readily available and good for traveling longer distances, and the subway network covers almost all of downtown.
Major east–west roads are named for Chinese cities and divide the city into dong (east), zhong (middle), and xi (west) sections. North–south roads divide the city into bei (north) and xi (west) segments. The heart of the city is found on its chief east–west streets—Nanjing Lu, Huaihai Lu, and Yan'an Lu.
Street signs in Shanghai are written in Chinese characters and in English, not in pinyin, the transliteration of Chinese. However, when asking for directions or speaking to taxi drivers, pinyin will guide your pronunciation; for this reason we have written all our street names as Nanjing Xi Lu or Shiji Dadao, not West Nanjing Road or Century Avenue. Note that our maps are still in English to help you better acquaint yourself.
Below are some terms you'll see on maps and street signs and in the names of most places you'll go:
Dong is east, xi is west, nan is south, bei is north, and zhong means middle. Jie and lu mean street and road, respectively, da dao means avenue, da means big, and xiao means small.
Qiao, or bridge, is part of the place name at just about every entrance and exit on the ring roads.
Men, meaning door or gate, indicates a street that passed through an entrance in the fortification wall that surrounded the city hundreds of years ago. The entrances to parks and some other places are also referred to as men. For example, Xizhimen literally means Western Straight Gate.
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