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Essaouira has three sqala (bastions), with fabulous cannons: the Kasbah sqala (also known as the medina sqala), the port sqala, and the sqala currently housing the Ensemble Artisanal, on Rue Modhem el Qorry near Bab Marrakesh. Each was a strategic maritime defense point. Unlike the straight-edged Moorish constructions in other Moroccan cities, the ramparts in Essaouira are triangular, so the insider looking out has a broader field of vision than the enemy peering in. Check out the cannon engravings: the second and third to the right are signed "Carlos III, Barcelona 1780," and a Dutch cannon dated 1743 is inscribed with a lion and the Latin phrase "Vigilante deo Confidentes" ("Those who trust in God are under his protection"). Orson Welles filmed scenes of his film Othello from the tower of the port sqala, picking up a magnificent panorama of town, port, and bay all in one.
- Address: Medina, Essaouira
- Location: Essaouira
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