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Surrounded on three sides by the Rif Mountains' foothills and rimmed on the fourth by turquoise Mediterranean waters, Al Hoceima is striking. From its perch in rolling hills, the town looks directly down on a stunning bay. It isn't nearly as developed as Tangier and Tetouan, but its natural sights and exquisite coastline make it the perfect place to relax for a day or two.Established
by the Spanish in 1925 as Villa Sanjuro, Al Hoceima was built as a stronghold against Rifi Berber rebellions. Al Hoceima is now a proudly Berber place, and Berber flags and signs are becoming more and more prominent. The king recognized Tamazight—a general term that encompasses six different Berber dialects, four of which are in use by Morocco's Berber population—as Morocco's second official language, alongside Arabic. Tarifit, Rifi Berber, is spoken by about 4 million people in the Rif, sometimes exclusively of any other language, though there are many Spanish words in the dialect.