In an otherwise deserted spot lie the ruins of Bar'am, one of the best-preserved ancient synagogues anywhere. Like most other synagogues uncovered in this area, this structure dating from the 3rd century faces south, toward Jerusalem; unlike any other, however, this one has lavish architectural elements, such as an entrance with a segmental pediment and freestanding giant columns in front. The interior, which resembles that of other Galilean synagogues of the Talmudic
period (3rd to 8th centuries AD), is less well preserved. Rows of pillars in the prayer hall apparently served as supports for the ceiling, and the building may have had a second story. A section of the facade's lintel, now in the Louvre in Paris, contains the Hebrew inscription "May there be peace in this place, and in all the places of Israel. This lintel was made by Jose the Levite. Blessings upon his works. Shalom." Allow at least an hour to wander around or bring a picnic; tables are available.
Off Rt. 899, 3 km (2 miles) east of Khiram Junction, Tzivon, 1386000, Israel